Rosacea is a common skin condition, which results in redness and visible blood vessels on the face; additionally, there can be small, reddish pus-filled bumps. Rosacea is more common on the skin of the nose, cheeks, and forehead. However, it can sometimes affect the eyes and is known as ocular rosacea. Rosacea is an embarrassing condition, and the affected person can be psychologically disturbed due to changes in the physical appearance.
Rosacea begins with episodes of flushing, which leads to the redness of the skin. As the condition progresses, the flushing becomes permanent, and the following symptoms are noticed:
These symptoms may flare up for a few weeks to months and subside for some days; this continues as a cycle until a proper treatment is provided. Consult a skin specialist if there is a persistent redness on the face.
The symptoms of ocular rosacea include:
The cause of rosacea is not completely known yet. It is believed to occur as a response to the microscopic mites on the face or due to abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face.
Flushing can aggravate rosacea by causing permanent enlargement of the small blood vessels in the face. Repeated episodes of flushing can promote inflammation leading to the formation of papules or red bumps resembling acne.
The factors that act as triggers for rosacea are:
Rosacea is more common in the following population:
Early diagnosis and treatment prevent worsening of the condition. The general physician or a skin specialist diagnoses rosacea based on the symptoms and possible triggers of the condition by performing a physical examination of the skin. However, blood tests and skin biopsy tests may be required to rule out other related conditions such as acne, sunburn and allergic reactions.
Currently, no treatment is available to cure rosacea, but the condition can be controlled by minimizing the symptoms. Treatment is usually provided for an extensive period to provide symptomatic improvement. The treatment procedures include:
Occasionally, a gentle facial massage can help to reduce inflammation associated with rosacea.
Joining a support group can help to get connected with people having similar problems and reduces the distress associated with the condition.
Usually, the doctor suggests to follow certain self-care measures besides using the medications; this helps in a faster healing of the condition. These self-care measures may include:
Who are usually affected by acne? Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
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