Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition in which the skin becomes red, itchy, cracked, inflamed and rough. This condition is very common, not contagious and can become severe periodically. Eczema can be seen in any part of the body.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown.It is known to be commonly accompanied with allergic conditions such as hay fever and asthma. In some children, food allergies may cause eczema. This condition can be treated with medications and lifestyle modifications.
The following are the eight different types of eczema:
The following are the characteristics of the eczematous rash:
The types and severity of the rashes condition vary among individuals. In some people, itching is so bad that the person tends to scratch until it bleeds, and this makes eczema worse. This is referred as the itch-scratch cycle.
In infants, the rash occurs on the scalp and cheek. In children from the age of 2 years till puberty, the rash most commonly occurs on the neck, wrists, ankles, and the crease between buttock and legs. In adults, the rash covers most area of the body.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown; however research hints that it may be caused by genetic and environmental factors. The probability of children developing eczema is high when both the parents are known to have this condition.
The following are the some of the environmental factors that are known to cause eczema:
Hormonal changes and stress may worsen eczema.
Some of the risk factors for eczema are as follows:
Complications of eczema are as follows:
The doctor may first discuss the medical and family history of the patient and then check for signs and symptoms of eczema.
Patch test: This test is done to determine if eczema has been caused due to allergic substances such as fragrances, rubber, metals, resins, hair dyes, and preservatives. This test involves exposing your skin to certain extracts of substances (chemicals) and then evaluating your skin reaction.
The main aim of eczema treatment is to control the itch, heal the skin, and prevent flares and infections.
The following medications are used to treat the eczema:
Moderate to a severe form of eczema is treated with help of the following phototherapy techniques.
UV light therapy: The dermatologist may treat the affected area of skin under UVA rays, UVB rays or a mixture of both the rays.
PUVA therapy: In this technique, the skin is made more sensitive to UVA light by applying psoralen.
The following are the simple home remedies which are helpful to treat eczema:
Eczema can be prevented by following ways:
Who are usually affected by acne? Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
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