Dyshidrosis is also called as dyshidrotic eczema or pompholyx. In this condition, small fluid-filled blisters develop over the skin of the hands or feet, especially on the fingers, palms and soles. These blisters are small and itchy. This condition is more common in adults between 20 to 30 years of age, and is more commonly seen in women than in men. These blisters come and go over time and there is no known cure for this condition. However, the blisters can be managed by the optimal skin care and medications.
The following are the signs and symptoms of dyshidrosis:
The exact cause of dyshidrosis unknown. The following are certain triggers of dyshidrosis:
The exposure of skin to irritants such as detergents, chemicals and water may worsen the condition.
The risk factors for dyshidrosis are as follows:
In general, diagnosis of dyshidrosis is made clinically and do not require any investigations.
The following investigations are done to rule out other conditions that may have caused blisters such as infection or allergies:
Culture and sensitivity tests: In this test, a sample of the blister fluid is cultured in a predetermined culture media under favorable conditions. This help in detecting the presence of skin infection.
Punch biopsy: It is a low risk medical procedure and done under local anesthesia. The doctor may remove a small piece of the affected skin using a tube-shaped tool. The obtained specimen is sent to a laboratory for microscopic and histopathological examinations.
Patch test: In this procedure, special metal discs with different allergens are taped on to the skin. The doctor checks for the allergic reactions 48 hours later.
The doctor may plan the treatment based on the severity of signs and symptoms.
The following measures are useful to prevent dyshidrosis:
Who are usually affected by acne? Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
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