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Cellulitis is a common and severe bacterial infection that affects the superficial and deep layers of the skin. It occurs when bacteria enter a break in the skin and spreads. It causes skin inflammation which is characterised by swelling, warmth, redness and tenderness of the skin. Cellulitis is usually painful and can spread rapidly to other parts of the body.
Cellulitis may occur anywhere in the body and the face. However, the most commonly affected region is the lower leg, particularly the shinbone and foot. A person with cellulitis may also develop fever and swollen lymph nodes around the infected area.
The types of cellulitis are classified based on the location of infection such as
Signs and Symptoms
The following are the signs and symptoms associated with cellulitis
If the cellulitis becomes severe, it may cause additional symptoms such as:
Cellulitis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus and Streptococcus bacteria. Cellulitis commonly occurs due to:
Certain factors may increase the susceptibility of an individual to develop cellulitis:
The following are the potential complications of cellulitis:
Usually no workup is required in uncomplicated cases of cellulitis. The following diagnostic tests may be required in serious conditions:
Treatment is based on the condition of the infection. Usually, antibiotics are given orally for a week to 14 days. Your doctor would administer intravenous or intramuscular antibiotics if:
In very rare cases, surgery may be required to open and drain abscess that has collected in the tissue. Some common antibiotics which are prescribed to treat cellulitis are:
The following precautions prevent development of cellulitis in the skin wounds:
People with diabetes and with poor circulation should take extra precautions to prevent the skin injury. Some skin care measures include
Who are usually affected by acne? Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
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