Athlete’s foot or Tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of the skin on the feet. This infection may also spread to the toenails and hands. Athlete’s foot is usually more severe in people with diabetes and weakened immune system. Males are more likely to develop this infection. Athlete’s foot is common in individuals whose feet often get sweaty and those who wear tightfitting shoes regularly.
There are four types of athlete’s foot.
Athlete’s foot is caused by the fungi belonging to a group called dermatophytes. These fungi also cause jock itch and ringworm. Fungi grow in moist, warm areas and feed on keratin, a protein found in nail, hair, and skin. Tinea pedis is mildly contagious. It spreads through direct skin contact and by affected skin cells which may be present on the towel, floor and around pools. Rarely, this infection may be caused by yeast and other non-dermatophytes.
The possible symptoms of athlete’s foot include:
Individuals who are at a greater risk of acquiring athlete’s foot include:
A doctor can diagnose the athlete’s foot by clinical examination of the skin. The following tests may be required to find out the exact cause of the skin rash:
Athlete’s foot can be treated with over the counter(OTC) or prescription antifungal drugs based on the severity of the condition:
Home Care or Alternative Therapy Athlete’s foot may be treated by soaking legs in the salt water or diluted vinegar which helps to reduce blisters. The following oils can be useful to reduce the symptoms of athlete’s foot:
The following are the preventive measures for athlete’s foot:
Who are usually affected by acne? Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
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