Periodontitis is an inflammation of the gums around the tooth often referred to as gum disease. It is mainly caused due to the development of plaque (deposits of bacteria on teeth). When compared to females, males are more likely to develop periodontitis. It starts as gingivitis (a mild form of gum inflammation) and gradually develops to periodontitis. Usually, at the age of 30 or 40 years, people complain of gum disease. However, it is rarely seen during teenage.
Periodontitis can be prevented with proper dental care such as brushing teeth twice a day, preventing plaque formation and regular dental checkups, as periodontitis is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene. Pregnant women are likely to develop gingivitis due to hormonal changes and increased blood supply to the soft tissues during pregnancy. With regular dental checkups, appropriate treatment can be given at an early stage. With good oral hygiene periodontitis can be prevented.
Seeking immediate medical attention on early identification of symptoms is advisable. When left untreated, this may cause permanent loss of teeth.
Periodontitis is caused due to the formation of plaque (sticky film on the teeth) and tartar (yellow or brown discoloration on the teeth and gums). When appropriate treatment is not provided, it may lead to bacterial infection. This infection causes teeth discoloration and inflammation of gums (gingivitis), which may bleed easily.
There are three stages of periodontal disease.
Risks of periodontitis are as follows:
Periodontitis condition when left untreated leads to tooth loss. There are also chances that the causative bacteria may enter the blood stream and cause infection at other sites of the body. Thereby causing other diseases like heart disease and respiratory disease. However, with early diagnosis and management of periodontitis, complications can be prevented.
Diagnosis of periodontitis can be done clinically by identifying the presence of plaque, tartar and other gum diseases. The doctor may also review the medical history of the patient.
Periodontitis can be diagnosed by the following ways:
The main aim of periodontitis treatment is to stop the damage caused to the affected tooth and gum along with treating the bacteria causing infection. This can be achieved by surgical and nonsurgical treatment methods depending upon the stage of periodontitis.
In case of advanced stage periodontitis, surgical treatment may be required and types of surgeries are as follows:
Periodontitis can be prevented by following ways
Periodontitis can be prevented by following the above listed simple ways. However, regular dental visits and good oral care remains vital in preventing periodontitis
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