Vaginal cancer is the cancer in the woman’s birth canal. The incidence of vaginal cancer is very less when compared to breast cancer, cervical cancer, etc. Vaginal cancer is rare in younger adults and the incidence of cancer increases with age.
The most common of the vaginal cancers include squamous cell carcinoma which often develops very slowly. The other types of vaginal cancer include adenocarcinoma, melanoma, sarcoma, etc. The adenocarcinoma is seen in women who are older than 50 years.Melanoma is a rare condition seen in the outer portion of the vagina. Sarcoma is a very rare condition where the origin of the cancer cells is in the bone, muscles and connective tissues and spreads to the vagina. It forms in the deep walls of the vagina. This cancer is found in children and rarely in adults.
The signs and symptoms of vaginal cancer include:
The exact cause of vaginal cancer is not known. However vaginal cancer can occur due to changes in certain genes known to cause cancer. A family history of vaginal cancer may also be a cause of cancer. Smoking of cigarette is also known to be a cause of vaginal cancer.
The risk factors associated with vaginal cancer is still not clear. However, there are certain factors which increase the risk of vaginal cancer. They are
The first step involved in the diagnosis of vaginal cancer include the external physical examination. This gives a gross view to the physician about the advancement of the condition. The other diagnostic test includes:
The treatment of vaginal cancer mostly depends on the type of cancer. The treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
You may feel distressed because of the cancer diagnosis. But, you should find ways to cope with the disease and the treatment for better outcomes and good quality-of-life.
Learn about the disease and the treatment options available, so that you can make decisions for your care. You may need physical and emotional support when you are in the hospital or after returning home. So, keep your family and friends close and make them understand your condition.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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