Ureters are a pair of tubes that connect kidneys and urinary bladder, they carry urine from the kidney to urinary bladder for urination. They are an important part of the urinary system. Cancer in the ureter is a rare type of cancer. Cancer in these tubes can cause blockage of the urine and its backflow into the kidneys.
Some people with ureter cancer may not develop any symptoms, however, the common symptoms that are noticed in ureter cancer include:
The exact cause of ureter cancer is not clear. However, ureter cancer can be caused by chronic use of irritant substances, such as pain killers, use of certain dyes and chemicals which are mainly used in the manufacture of textiles, rubber and leather goods.
The factors that may increase your risk of developing ureter cancer include:
The tests which are performed for the diagnosis of ureter cancer includes:
The treatment choice depends on the stage and extent of cancer spread. Surgery is often the mainstay of treatment, surgery is performed either to remove a part or whole of the ureter. Early stage cancers may need removal of only a part of the ureter. However, if the cancer is advanced, it may need removal of the complete ureter with or without a part of the bladder.
In case, if the tumour has metastasized externally away from the ureter, then chemotherapy is best choice. Chemotherapy includes the treatment of cancer cells with anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy can be used to shrink the tumour before the surgery or after the surgery to kill any cancer cells left.
Radiation therapy uses the high-energy radiations to kill the tumour cells. This treatment also helps in shrinking the tumour. Radiation therapy is not commonly used for the treatment of ureter cancer but can be used after performing surgery to treat the left over cancer cells.
Cancer is curable if detected early. Late stage cancer may need palliative care to increase the quality of life of the patient and keep him or her pain-free.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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