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Cancer is the abnormal division of cells in the body. Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in front of the neck. It secretes hormones that help the body function normally.
Thyroid cancer is not as common as the other types of cancer. It can affect any age group, although it is a disease mostly affecting people above the age of 30. Women are more prone to develop thyroid cancer when compared to men. The ratio between women and men developing thyroid cancer is 3:1.
TYPES OF THYROID CANCER
There are 4 types of thyroid cancer.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Several signs and symptoms indicate the presence of cancer in the thyroid.
The most common symptom observed in people to detect the presence of thyroid cancer is the inflammation or lump in the neck. Though, some people may not show any symptoms of thyroid cancer.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
Thyroid cancer, like many other cancers is caused due to the uncontrolled growth of cells. But, the exact cause of the cancer is not yet known. Though the exact cause is not known, certain things may increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
The doctor examines the neck region to check for symptoms like hoarseness, inflammation of the gland etc. If the doctor observes any changes that may seem abnormal then, he may recommend the following tests to confirm the presence of cancer in the thyroid.
An ultrasound scan is performed to check the presence of a lump in the thyroid which could be cancerous. If a lump is observed, a biopsy should be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
The treatment for thyroid cancer depends on the type of thyroid cancer. The main treatments include
Follow a healthy diet, exercise regularly and protect yourself from people suffering from thyroid cancer or are at a risk of developing the disease. Also be alert to the signs and symptom of the disease and immediately consult a doctor in case you notice or experience any of the symptoms.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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