Cancer is the abnormal division of cells in the body. Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in front of the neck. It secretes hormones that help the body function normally.
Thyroid cancer is not as common as the other types of cancer. It can affect any age group, although it is a disease mostly affecting people above the age of 30. Women are more prone to develop thyroid cancer when compared to men. The ratio between women and men developing thyroid cancer is 3:1.
There are 4 types of thyroid cancer:
Several signs and symptoms indicate the presence of cancer in the thyroid.
The most common symptom observed in people to detect the presence of thyroid cancer is the inflammation or lump in the neck. Though, some people may not show any symptoms of thyroid cancer.
Thyroid cancer, like many other cancers is caused due to the uncontrolled growth of cells. But, the exact cause of the cancer is not yet known. Though the exact cause is not known, certain things may increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
The doctor examines the neck region to check for symptoms like hoarseness, inflammation of the gland etc. If the doctor observes any changes that may seem abnormal then, he may recommend the following tests to confirm the presence of cancer in the thyroid.
An ultrasound scan is performed to check the presence of a lump in the thyroid which could be cancerous. If a lump is observed, a biopsy should be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
The treatment for thyroid cancer depends on the type of thyroid cancer. The main treatments include
Follow a healthy diet, exercise regularly and protect yourself from people suffering from thyroid cancer or are at a risk of developing the disease. Also be alert to the signs and symptom of the disease and immediately consult a doctor in case you notice or experience any of the symptoms.
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