Testicular cancer is the cancer of the male reproductive organs which affects the testis. This cancer is prevalent among all age groups, but it is mostly seen in people of age group 20 to 45 years. Testicular cancer mostly starts from the germ cell, the cells that make sperms.
There are two common types of cancer that arise from the germ cell, the seminomas and the non-seminomas. The seminomas are further classified into classical seminoma and spermatocytic seminoma. The classical seminoma accounts to 95% of the seminoma cancer which is prevalent in the younger adult of age group 25 to 45 years. Whereas the spermatocytic seminoma is rare cancer visible in older patients.
The non-seminomas are observed in men who are in their late teens and early 30’s. The four types of non-seminomas are an embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, choriocarcinoma which is an aggressive and very rare form of cancer and teratoma.
The signs and >symptoms associated with testicular cancer include
Testicular cancer may occur due to changes in certain genes that cause cancer. Mutations in these genes are the main cause of cancer. A family history of the patient whose father or brother had testicular cancer is a cause of spreading of cancer.
The risk factors for testicular cancer include:
Testicular cancer is primarily diagnosed through physical examination. Further tests are conducted to confirm the cancer of the testicles. The diagnostic tests performed to confirm the presence of tumours are ultrasound, test for tumour markers, imaging scan and biopsy test.
Treatment for testicular cancer include the following treatment procedures. They are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy.
You may feel distressed because of the cancer diagnosis. But, you should find ways to cope with the disease and the treatment for better outcomes and good quality-of-life.
Learn about the disease and the treatment options available, so that you can make decisions for your care. You may need physical and emotional support when you are in the hospital or after returning home. So, keep your family and friends close and make them understand your condition.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
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