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Salivary gland cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that involves in the abnormal growth of cancer in the salivary glands. It is not as common as the other types of cancers. There are three major salivary glands in the mouth. They are parotid, sublingual and submandibular. Cancer usually develops in the parotid gland which is present in front of the ear.
Salivary gland is made up of different types of cells. Acinic cells help in releasing saliva, mucoepidermoid cells line the salivary gland.
People suffering from salivary gland cancer may experience the following symptoms.
Salivary gland cancer is caused when a few cells in the salivary gland develop mutations in the DNA. These mutated cells divide and grow rapidly which lead to the formation of a tumour. The cancerous cells damage the organ and invade by spreading the disease to the other parts of the body. The exact cause of the salivary gland cancer is unknown, however, a few risk factors are mentioned which increase the risk of developing the disease.
The following are the main treatments of breast cancer.
Surgery is performed to either remove a part of the tissues from the salivary gland or the entire organ.
Chemotherapy is a drug used to kill the cancer causing cells. It is either given orally or intravenously. It is usually used after a surgery to remove the presence of any left-over cancerous cells in the body. Chemotherapy can also be given to treat the cancers that spread to various other parts of the body.
Radiation therapy is usually given along with chemotherapy before a surgery. This therapy also kills the remains of any cancerous cells in the body.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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