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Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is cancer that originates in the liver. It is a primary liver cancer as it starts in the liver rather than migrating or spreading to the liver from another organ. Cancer that spreads to the liver from other organ is called as liver metastasis or secondary liver cancer, which is the most common form of liver cancer. The liver is made up of various types of cells and hence several types of tumors are formed. Few of them are non-cancerous and few of them are cancerous which may even spread to other body parts.
About the liver
The liver is the second largest organ in the body which is made up of cells called hepatocytes. It consists of bile ducts that facilitate the flow of bile between liver, gall bladder, and the intestine. The liver store the nutrients absorbed from the intestine, remove toxic and chemical wastes from the body, metabolizes alcohol and drugs, and secretes bile into the intestine to aid in the absorption of nutrients.
If cancer originates in the hepatocytes, then it is called hepatocellular carcinoma. If cancer forms in immature liver cells, then it is called hepatoblastoma; this cancer is commonly seen in children. If cancer occurs in bile ducts, then the condition is cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma is common among all the liver cancers, and it tends to affect more men than women.
The exact cause of liver is not known. However, researchers believe primary liver cancer is mainly associated with chronic or long-term liver damage called cirrhosis which is caused by hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hemochromatosis (a hereditary disease associated with increased iron in the liver). Liver cancer is also linked to obesity, heavy alcohol use, and fatty liver disease.
In the early stages, the primary liver cancer does not cause any symptoms. The symptoms of advanced liver cancer include:
Meet the doctor if any of these symptoms are seen for longer duration.
Various factors increase the risk of liver cancer, which include:
The doctor assesses the patient’s health history and performs physical examination. If liver cancer or chronic condition of the liver is suspected, the doctor recommends the following tests:
The treatment of liver cancer depends on the size, location, age, overall health, type and extent of the liver damage. The various treatment option of early stage liver cancer includes:
The symptoms and the treatment of liver cancer may cause some physical changes and lead to stress. Therefore, the patient should be strong and find the ways to cope with the conditions by:
Following some measures can help to minimize the risk of liver cancer:
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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