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Women's breasts contain specialized milk-producing tissue, also known as glandular tissue, along with fat. The size of the breast is determined by fat. The milk-producing lobules within the breast are small structures that combine to form lobes. The milk travels through a network of ducts that come together in the nipple. The aerola is the dark skin surrounding the nipples. The breast also has connective tissue and ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, and lymph nodes.
Breast cancer occurs when a D.N.A abnormality in the cells cause them to turn malignant and multiply uncontrollably. Breast cancer generally develops in the lobules that supply milk or the ducts. The malignant cells form a tumour that can metastasize or spread into other areas of the body. Breast cancer that originates in the lobules is knowns as lobular carcinoma while cancer that develops in the ducts is called ductal carcinoma. Breast cancer is further divided into invasive and non-invasive breast cancer. Invasive breast cancer is when the cancer cells start affecting nearby tissues and lymph nodes, from where they can further metastasize and reach other organs of the body including the bones and lungs. Non-invasive cancer is when the malignant cells are still contained within lobules or ducts.
• Lumps found in the breast
• Pain in the armpits
• Painful breasts
• Rashes around the nipples
• Lumps in the armpits
• Bloody discharge from the nipples
• Sunken nipples
• Changes in size and shape of the breast
• Previous history of breast cancer
• Previous history of breast lumps
• Higher breasts tissue density
Treatment for breast cancer may include surgery (such as a lumpectomy or mastectomy), radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. Precautions to reduce the risk of breast cancer include reduced alcohol consumption, a healthier diet, reduction in weight, and postmenopausal hormone therapy. Breast cancer is a serious and distressing problem for women (and sometimes for men too). Routine screening, as well as healthier lifestyle choices by the individual, is the best chance of tackling this condition.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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