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The bladder stores urine and enables you to have control over your urination. The bladder has a lining made of layers of muscle in order to expand and accommodate stored urine. It has a capacity of up to 600ml. The bladder is in the form of a pear-shaped sac in the pelvis, located above and behind the pubic bone. During urination, the muscles in the bladder contract and push the urine out, through to sphincters into the urethra which expels the urine out of the body.
Bladder Cancer generally originates in the innermost muscle lining of the bladder or the urothelium. Cancer is the growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in the body. These cells as they multiply form masses known as tumours. Over time, cancer may grow into the other layers in the bladder, or even through the layers. In this stage, it is more difficult to treat cancer. As the disease progresses, cancer will grow into nearby structures. Cancer generally attacks the lymph nodes.
There are different types of cancers that affect the bladder, including urothelial carcinoma, papillary carcinomas, and flat carcinomas. The cancers are usually classified as invasive and non-invasive. Non-invasive cancers are still contained within the inner layer of the bladder, while invasive bladder cancer has spread to other layers of the bladder and is more difficult to treat.
• Frequent need to urinate
• Burning during urination
• Weak urine stream
• Inability to urinate
• Lower back pain
• Loss of appetite and weight loss
• Swollen feet
• Bone pain
Non-invasive cancer treatment depends upon the risk of cancer returning or spreading further into the bladder. This is calculated after considering the number of tumours, their size, the earlier occurrence of cancer, and the cancer grade.
The treatment for invasive bladder cancer depends on the spread of cancer. The treatment aim is to cure or control the disease. Your options are a cystectomy where the bladder is removed or radiotherapy.
Bladder Cancer is a serious and painful condition with a significant impact on the patient's life. The earlier it is detected and treated, the better.
This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Stem cell therapy. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that uses stem cells to treat a disease or condition. Currently, stem cell therapy only treats diseases and cancers of the blood.
This video discusses the HIPEC treatment used to fight Cancer in the abdominal cavity. First the doctors perform a cytoreductive surgery to remove tumors. All visible tumors on the liver, stomach, small intestines, colon, rectum, uterus, and ovaries.
Watch the video by Dr. Somashekhar S P to know the role of HIPEC in advanced ovarian and colorectal cancer. HIPEC treatment along with cytoreductive surgery can increase the chance of survival in the patients who are suffering from advanced colorectal cancer. However, the combination of these two procedures is the only treatment option for advanced ovarian cancer.
Few of the differences between HIPEC and IV/ Oral chemotherapy are: HIPEC: â€¢ HIPEC is a kind of chemotherapy that is used directly to peritoneum, whereas, oral/IV chemotherapy is used through oral or veins. â€¢ HIPEC requires single dose, whereas, oral/IV requires multiple doses orally or intravenously. â€¢ Unlike oral, there is not any systematic toxicity in HIPEC. Watch the video by Dr. Somshekhar S P to know how HIPEC is different from intravenous or oral chemotherapy
HIPEC is a method of cancer cure that works mainly in the peritoneal cavity What kind of cancers can be cured by HIPEC? The types of cancers and conditions it can be used to cure are: Mesothelioma Ovarian Cancer Colorectal cancers with peritoneal spread. HIPEC can also be sued for other carcinomas with a peritoneal spread as it functions mainly in the peritoneal cavity.
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