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Nosebleeds are common but are scary. They do not usually indicate any serious problem. However, if nosebleeds occur very often, it can be a sign of a serious problem. During a nosebleed, the blood can flow from either of the nostrils. This can be light or heavy and may last for a few seconds to several minutes.
The symptoms that co-occur with a nosebleed and need a doctor’s consultation include:
Consult the physician if the nosebleed is severe or if it lasts for more than 20 minutes. Nosebleeds that happen following an injury and may indicate bleeding from the posterior part of the nose which is a sign of serious problem.
Nose is more prone to blows and injuries. Also, it is richly supplied with blood vessels that are fragile and can bleed easily. Nosebleeds occur when any damage occurs to the delicate parts of the nose. This can happen due to multiple reasons which may include the following:
Occasionally, the exact cause of nosebleeds cannot be identified.
Certain people are at high risk of developing nosebleeds, including:
Other factors that increase the risk of nosebleeds include:
The doctor conducts a physical examination of the nose and checks for the presence of any foreign objects in the nose. One or more of the following tests may be ordered to determine the exact cause:
The treatment of nosebleeds is based on the cause and includes the following options:
The following self-care measures can help to stop a nosebleed before medical help is available:
It is important to follow the precautions for 24 hours after the nosebleed stops to prevent any further damage. The precautions include:
It is possible to prevent nosebleeds to some extent by the following ways:
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