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Manipal Hospitals

Liver Transplantation

The liver is one of the vital organs of human body. It excretes a product called bile which helps in breaking down and preparing fats for digestion and absorption. The liver uses the blood which passes through it to create nutrients for the body to use. There are a lot more vital functions which liver performs such as:

  • Controls the amount of cholesterol.
  • Stores energy for body to use along with sugar, minerals vitamins and iron.
  • Prevents infections and diseases.
  • Maintains the balance of hormones.
  • Produces enzymes and other proteins which are responsible for many chemical reactions related to blood such asblood purification, tissue repair and blood clotting.
  • Fights against drugs and poisons.


Besides all the functions which the liver performs, the most important one is the ability to regenerate. A healthy liver has the ability to regenerate when damaged.

Most of the liver diseases are caused due to inflammation of the liver which is also known as Hepatitis. If left untreated the hepatitis, the inflamed liver can start to scar which is also known as Fibrosis of the liver. Further untreated, it can lead to Cirrhosis of the liver. The cirrhosis of the liver occurs when the liver becomes unable to regenerate and hardened enough to not function properly. Cirrhosis may lead to liver cancer if not treated further.

Although hepatitis viruses are the main cause, there are other infections, autoimmune diseases and toxic materials (such as drugs, alcohols etc.) which can also cause hepatitis. Few of the hepatitis viruses that cause hepatitis are hepatitis B, C, D and E. The most common hepatitis viruses that cause the disease are B and C.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B/C

Signs and symptoms of hepatitis usually appear about 2-3 months after you’ve been infected and can range from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Dark urine
  • Diarrhoea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Mild fever
  • Join pain
  • Weakness and fatigue

Signs and symptoms of chronic hepatitis B/C are:

  • Headache
  • Itchy skin
  • Light coloured faces that may retain pus
  • Easy Bleeding
  • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)

Mode of Transmission of Hepatitis:

Common modes of transmission for these viruses include receipt of contaminated blood or blood products, invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment (Horizontal Transmission), Hepatitis B transmission from mother to baby at birth (Vertical Transmission), with use of infected needles during tattooing, acupuncture, from family member to child, during endoscopy using equipment that has not been properly cleaned between patients and also through sexual contact. In India it is commonly transmitted through vertical and sharp (through needles) routes.

Do’s and Don’ts for Hepatitis B & C patients:

  • Take medications regularly as prescribed by the doctor
  • Vaccinate if you are not infected
  • Use condom for safe sex
  • Drink plenty of water/liquids to avoid dehydration
  • Eat balanced food
  • Avoid body piercing or tattooing
  • Do not donate blood or organs
  • Do not share needles or syringes
  • Do not share razor blades or tooth-brushes
  • Stay away from alcohol


We have different packages for different conditions of liver transplant. To get more details on our liver transplant packages, you can make an appointment or contact us at

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