Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition in which the arteries in the legs and feet narrow, making it difficult for blood to flow to the extremities. This can cause pain, numbness, and cramping in the legs and feet. PAD can also lead to ulcers, gangrene, and amputation. PAD is caused by a build-up of plaque in the arteries. Plaque is made up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances. Over time, plaque can harden and narrow the arteries. PAD is more common in people who are overweight, have diabetes, have high blood pressure, or have high cholesterol. PAD can also be caused by smoking.
Peripheral artery disease treatment in Hebbal, Banaglore can be diagnosed with a physical exam, ankle-brachial index (ABI), or angiogram. A physical exam can show signs of PAD, such as weak pulses in the legs or feet. An ABI is a non-invasive test that uses a blood pressure cuff to measure blood pressure in the legs and feet. An angiogram is a more invasive test that uses X-rays to take pictures of the arteries. PAD can be treated with lifestyle changes, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.
If you are scheduled to have a procedure to treat PAD, there are some things you can do to prepare. First, your doctor will recommend that you stop smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for PAD and can make the condition worse. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your health. Your doctor may also recommend that you make some lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, and losing weight. These changes can help improve blood flow and reduce your risk of complications. You may also be asked to take certain medications before your procedure. These medications may include aspirin or other blood-thinning medications, beta-blockers, and/or statins. Taking these medications can help reduce your risk of complications.
Before your procedure, you will have some tests to assess your blood flow and the severity of your PAD. These tests may include an ankle-brachial index (ABI) test, a doppler ultrasound, or a CT angiogram. Your doctor will use the results of these tests to determine the best treatment for you. In some cases, a procedure to open blocked arteries may be recommended. Several diverse types of procedures can be used to treat PAD. The type of procedure you have will depend on the severity of your condition and your circumstances.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common condition that occurs when a plaque in the arteries supplies blood to the legs. It can cause the arteries to narrow and harden, which can lead to pain, cramping, and fatigue in the legs during physical activity. PAD can also increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. There is no definitive cure for peripheral artery disease (PAD), but treatments can improve symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
The first step in treating PAD is to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet.
These changes can help to improve blood flow and prevent further damage to the arteries. If lifestyle changes are not enough to improve symptoms, your doctor may prescribe medication to help improve blood flow and reduce inflammation. Medications that may be prescribed include aspirin, clopidogrel, cilostazol, and pentoxifylline. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to improve blood flow or to bypass blocked arteries. Surgical options include angioplasty, stenting, and bypass surgery.
After a peripheral artery disease (PAD) procedure, your doctor will want you to stay in the hospital for a day or two. You will be given medications to help reduce pain and swelling. You may also need to take antibiotics to help prevent infection. Once you get home, you will need to take it easy for a few days. Avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting. You should also avoid driving for at least a week.
Your doctor at Manipal Hospitals will prescribe blood-thinning medication to help prevent clots from forming. You may also need to take medication to manage your cholesterol and blood pressure. You will need to return to your doctor for follow-up appointments to make sure your PAD is improving. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes like quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet.