Pulmonology is a medical field that concentrates on the pulmonary system. The pulmonary system, also known as the respiratory system, comprises the lungs, bronchi, trachea, bronchioles, associated blood arteries, and all other parts engaged in and connected directly to breathing, the mechanism of respiration exchange of gases and cardiac conditions related to pulmonary disease. Manipal Begur clinic’s pulmonologists are skilled physicians who provide care for different lung problems with proper diagnosis, management, treatment, and critical care for disorders affecting the respiratory system.
The Department of Pulmonology in the best respiratory treatment in Begur, Bangalore is concerned with illnesses of the lungs and respiratory system. It evaluates and manages a range of acute and chronic respiratory problems, including asthma and respiratory allergies, ILD (Interstitial Lung Disease), COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), lung cancer, immune disorders, sleep and chest wall disorders.
The department is integrated with the Department of Critical Care to offer comprehensive treatment to patients. Highly experienced critical care specialists are available 24/7. The department is well-equipped with the best diagnostic, latest treatment technologies and modern facilities in respiratory care.
Sleep apnea is a sleep condition in which your breathing is regularly disrupted while you are sleeping. These breathing pauses normally last 10 to 20 seconds and might occur 5 to 100 times each hour.
If the blood has insufficient oxygen, the patient may require supplementary oxygen. Several devices give oxygen to the lungs, including lightweight, portable devices that the patient may carry while the patient does day-to-day activities.
A tracheostomy is a surgically created hole in the front of the neck that leads to the trachea, or windpipe.
A lung transplant is a surgical procedure that substitutes an impaired lung with a healthy lung.
Asthma is a pulmonary disorder in which your airways constrict and bulge, causing excessive mucus formation and making it harder to breathe. The prevalence of the symptoms varies across individuals. Asthma symptoms can sometimes worsen gradually or unexpectedly. This is called an asthma attack.
Respiratory/Chest Medicine Department aims to provide comprehensive care for even the most complex cases. Our top pulmonologists at Begur, Bangalore are one of the most experienced in these fields and have a record of excellence in clinical Pulmonology and critical care including speciality areas such as Interventional Pulmonology.
Lung problems refer to different types of illnesses or conditions that impair the function of the lungs. Lung disease can impair respiratory function, the capacity to breathe properly, pulmonary function, or efficient lung operations.
Several lung problems can be caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Other lung disorders, such as asthma, mesothelioma, and lung cancer are caused by environmental variables.
Symptoms of a Lung Disease
The following are some symptoms that the patient should be well-aware of to recognise the risk of pulmonary disease.
Wheezing, often known as loud breathing, is a symptom that something is clogging the lung airways, causing them to constrict.
The airways generate sputum, often known as mucus or phlegm, as a defence against infections or irritants. If the mucus production has continued for more than a month, it might be a symptom of lung disease.
Shortness of Breath
It is not natural to have breathing difficulty that persists after a workout session or after exertion. Difficulty or heavy breathing is one of the symptoms of respiratory disorders.
Coughing Up Blood
If the patient is coughing up blood, it might be from the upper respiratory tract or lungs.
To diagnose the disease, the doctor examines the symptoms, the patient's family and medical history, and any exposure to lung irritants. Several tests are performed by the doctor to determine the condition.
These tests may include,
Lung (pulmonary) Function Tests
These tests determine how much air you can inhale and exhale and whether the lungs are supplying enough oxygen to your blood. The common test, known as spirometry, involves blowing into a wide tube attached to a machine to determine how much air the lungs can retain and how quickly the patient can exhale the air. Other procedures include lung volume and diffusing capacity tests, pulse oximetry and a six-minute walk test.
X-ray of the chest Emphysema, one of the leading causes of COPD, can be detected using a chest X-ray. An X-ray can also screen out other lung or cardiac concerns.
CAT scan A CT (Computerised Tomography) scan of the lungs can detect emphysema and assess whether the patient benefits from COPD surgery. Lung cancer can also be detected with CT scans.
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis
This blood test determines the efficiency of the lungs to remove carbon dioxide and oxygen supply into the blood.
Lab tests can help to figure out what's causing the symptoms or rule out alternative possibilities. Lab testing is done to find whether the patient has the genetic condition alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. If the patient has a family history of COPD and acquires COPD at an early age, this test is performed. Book an appointment at Manipal Begur Clinic.
Manipal Hospitals is the best lung hospital in Begur, Bangalore offering complete treatments for pulmonary diseases and disorders viz. sleep disorders, pulmonary hypertension, asthma, pneumonia, chronic obstructive lung disease, cystic fibrosis, snoring and sleep apnea, ARDS, severe respiratory failure, COPD, septicemia, acute lung injury, poly-trauma, frail chest, acute and chronic respiratory failure, and various lung infections, management of Pleural disease like ICD insertion for pleural effusion and pneumothorax, Bronchoscopic procedures, PFT (Pulmonary Function Test).
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help your healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.
If the asthma symptoms worsen on days when you work, improve while you are at home for any period, and then reappear when you return to work. This might be an allergic reaction or an irritating reaction to occupational stressors. Identifying and avoiding triggers, and starting an appropriate medical treatment plan, will assist to stabilise the airways and reduce symptoms.
An asthma attack is a rapid deterioration of asthma symptoms caused by tightness of the muscles around the airways. If you have an asthma attack, immediately follow the emergency recommendations in the asthma action plan. Walk in to the pulmonology hospital in Begur, Bangalore if you are having difficulty breathing, walking, or talking, or if you have blue lips or fingernails.
Sleep apnea can lead to several health problems. When you stop breathing, the oxygen level in your blood might fall. This drop might put pressure on the cardiovascular system, causing the heart to work harder. People who suffer from sleep apnea are more likely to have high pressure, unstable heartbeats, and diabetes. Untreated sleep apnea is linked to the potential risk of heart attack and stroke. To get rid of these complications, arrive at the best pulmonology hospital in Begur, Bangalore.
Sleep apnea occurs when the airway becomes clogged while sleeping. The tongue and throat muscles may relax and restrict the windpipe in rare circumstances. A big tongue or tonsils might raise the chance of having the ailment. Overweight people can also suffer from sleep apnea. Get the best treatment at the top pulmonology hospital in Begur, Bangalore.
Prevent infection by continuing to take your regular prophylactic medication, - Itraconazole and co-trimoxazole - Recognize the symptoms of a chest or lung illness (see below), - Do not smoke and prevent inhaling passive smoke. - Get some exercise - but not too much. - Avoid being exposed to fungal infection.
Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine