The eyes, our eyes are often referred to as the gateway into our heart and soul. Our eyes often spell out in big bold letters the state of our mind, the current fleet of emotions one might be going through at that very moment. Therefore, we can more or less guess whether a person is happy or excited or delighted or even sad, glum or dejected just by a glance into his/her eyes. The eye gives us the divine gift of sight and this in particular is the most important aspect of the eyes. For a person born without the magic of sight, not being able to see might not make that much of a difference but it would worse than death to lose the power of sight midway in the course of one’s life.

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The eye is one of the most vital of all our sensory organs. Without it carrying out even the most primary functions of our daily lives would be a nightmare. Despite of its significance, its importance, it isn’t sacred. It is like any other organ of our body which is likely to undergo a malfunction due to several causes. Factors like aging, physical strain, disease, pollution or even injury can deprive us of the ability to see. It is no secret that   several diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension and diseases related to the spine or nerve tissues can come in the way of our eyesight. In this day and age, we can in all probability say that our eyes are the most overworked organ of our body; therefore, at times despite of utmost care and concern something or the other may go wrong with it. Even though medical science has come up with feasible solutions to almost each and every type of eye ailment, it is most advisable to keep a thorough check on it and consult a specialist at the slightest level of discomfort lest it may turn more acute, lengthen the period of recovery and also make a bigger hole in your pocket. Acute Red eye, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Graves disease, Low vision, Macular degeneration, Optic Neuropathy, Retinal Detachment, Strabismus are some of the eye diseases known to us.

The most relevant diagnosis of the Acute Red Eye disease is acute conjunctivitis even though most of times the main underlying cause may be elusive. However, it is one of the most common of the eye diseases and can be promptly treated and can hardly cause any permanent damage to the eye.

Cataracts often come along with aging. It is often referred to as a normal factor of aging and can be treated with a minor surgery. After the surgery a person most often regains all vision.

Glaucoma on the other hand is one of the most destructive of all the eye diseases. It is believed to be the most likely cause of blindness. The risk factor in the case of Glaucoma is most of the times it is not detectable in the initial stages. Therefore, when a specialist doubts of one having a Glaucoma disease immediate treatment must be ensure especially if the person in question is over the age of fifty or if any family member has the same. Only foresightedness and abrupt action can save the eyes infected by this disease called Glaucoma.

Graves Disease, per se , does nothing to hamper the sight, but can be a cause of major discomfort as in this case the eyeballs are pushed out of place due to the enlargement of certain eye muscles. The eyeballs are gouged out of place physically therefore causing strain, irritation and inflammation due to the drying of the eye balls.

Low Vision affects people of all ages. It however is most common amongst the elderly. Reduced central or reading vision is the most common type of low vision. Most of the low vision conditions can be put right on track, thanks to the advancement and sophistication and specialisation brought about in the modes of treatment of low vision cases.

If one is constantly battling blurry central vision or experiencing distorted or wavy lines and loss of detail or difficulty in distinguishing colours then he /she must be going through an eye contamination called  Macular Degeneration. Macular Degeneration is also an acute eye problem, which if left on its own may completely destroy the eyes and may prove to be fatal to one’s sight. The Macula is a small spot near the back of the eye mainly responsible for sending images to the brain and this particular spot deteriorates with age.

Optic Neuropathy (optic neuritis or retro bulbar neuritis) is an acute inflammatory process of the optic nerve, generally occurring in young adults. It manifests as an acute onset of visual loss, almost always unilateral.  The prognosis for recovery of vision is excellent with or without treatment. Individuals experiencing such conditions are encouraged to seek treatment, as the condition carries a high risk of subsequent development of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The retina can be likened to the film of a camera. If the retina is not functioning properly vision can be hampered or even lost..

Retinal Detachment can be of two types. An Exudative retinal detachment can occur due to the collection of fluids between the retina and the outer layer of the eye thus thoroughly hampering vision. Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment is a condition when the retina is wrecked due to punctures formed due to trauma and myopia.

Strabismus is the medical term referring conditions in which one or both eyes are not aligned properly. The three most common types of strabismus are Esotropia or in-turning of the eyes often referred to as crossed eyes or a squint, Exotropia or out-turning eyes commonly known as walleye or divergent eyes and Hypertropia, here the eyes are out of alignment vertically.

Our eyes definitely play a gigantic role in our lives. It is simply the most acute of our senses therefore it is of utmost importance that we give it ample attention and visit a professional specialist as soon as there is the slightest hint of a problem. It is a digital world we live in today and not being able to see the wonders that are there and the ones still in the fray might not be absolutely fatal but it would be experiencing a near about close call.

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