There are many organizations globally and in India that provide a holistic support to people afflicted with cancer. The financial, emotional and social support can instill confidence and hope in the minds of patients and their families.
What is it ?
Cancer, medically known as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of diseases involving unregulated cell growth. When cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, they invade nearby parts of the body. The cancer can also spread to more distant parts of the body through the bloodstream. But not all tumors are cancerous; benign tumors do not invade neighboring tissues and do not spread throughout the body. There are over 200 different known cancers today that affect humans.
What are the risks?
The causes of cancer are diverse, complex, and only partially understood. Many things are known to increase the risk of cancer, including tobacco use, dietary factors, certain infections, exposure to radiation, and lack of physical activity, obesity, and environmental pollutants.
Though cancer is not a frequent disease for the Indian population today it is estimated that there will be 3 million cancer patients in India in next few years. The statistics demonstrate that cancers frequently observed in India are lifestyle dependent, with offending factors such as tobacco usage, low socio-economic status, multiple pregnancies and poor sexual hygiene. These factors are closely related to the population living in rural surroundings. Low socio-economic status and low literacy rates result in many patients being diagnosed only at an advanced stage of the disease which usually proves to be fatal Therefore, it is reasonable to postulate that the strategy for cancer control in India should be focused on health education for the both rural and urban population and the creation of an infrastructure for cancer management. These systems with appropriate low-cost technology can ensure a cancer-free India.
What are the possible solutions?
Many cancers could be prevented by not smoking, eating more vegetables, fruits and whole grains, eating less meat and refined carbohydrates, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, minimizing sunlight exposure, and being vaccinated against some infectious diseases. Cancer can be detected in a number of ways, including the presence of certain signs and symptoms, screening tests, or medical imaging. Once a possible cancer is detected it is diagnosed by microscopic examination of a tissue sample. Cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. The chances of surviving the disease vary greatly by the type and location of the cancer and the extent of disease at the start of treatment.
The primary habits that everyone need to adopt that could possible prevent cancer are –
- Healthy & Balanced Diet
- Regular Exercise
- Avoiding Cigarette Smoking
- Regular Health Screenings
These steps are more than a call to action — they are the keys to leading a longer, healthier life. By integrating them into your daily life you could possibly make a big difference to your own and your family’s health. One needs to remember that it’s never too late to make simple, yet lifesaving, lifestyle changes.